You are hereLaw-Idolatry: Why God Destroyed the Temple

Law-Idolatry: Why God Destroyed the Temple

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By large-hammer - Posted on 23 December 2002

by Marcus Booker
It might seem odd (or even fickle) for God to set aside the law instituted by Him and the people and the house called by His name. Yet, as I will show in this article, God merely acted according to His fiery jealousy; he destroyed idols. Indeed, the law of Moses had become an idol, and since no idols stand before His face, God brought it to naught. This article is but a brief introduction to this very interesting idea.It might seem odd (or even fickle) for God to set aside the law instituted by Him and the people and the house called by His name. Yet, as I will show in this article, God merely acted according to His fiery jealousy; he destroyed idols. Indeed, the law of Moses had become an idol, and since no idols stand before His face, God brought it to naught. This article is but a brief introduction to this very interesting idea.In another article, I have already dealt with the concept of God relenting. Suffice it to say for now that God turns away from those unto whom He promises good who rebel, bestowing honor instead upon those who honor Him. Those for whom God's kingdom was prepared were cast out into the outer darkness, and God invited others into His fold.

Yet the question at hand is whether (and if so, how) the law of Moses was an idol. It is beyond dispute in the Scriptures that an idol is an object of worship/trust other than the true and living God. Typically, an idol is constructed by an artificer; it is "made with hands." This form of idolatry is not merely worship of the hand-wrought object; it goes much deeper. It is really worship of self (i.e. of man as maker of gods).

The purpose of this article is to demonstrate conclusively that the Scriptures identify the law of Moses as an idol doomed for destruction (along with those who trust in that idol). And this destruction is consistent with all of God's past historical dealings.

Before going further, however, I shall clarify my position upfront lest there be misunderstanding. Trust in the law of Moses is not true reverence for Moses nor for the angels through whom the law came. And it is not genuine adherence to the righteous ordinances contained in the law. Rather it is negligence of the weightier matters of the law and of the true spirit behind it. It is reliance upon shadow over substance, form over reality. Law-idolatry is covenant presumption. It is trust in the law apart from true righteousness. It is straining a gnat and swallowing a camel. It is being a hearer rather than a doer of the law. Law-idolatry is finding ultimate safety and security in circumcision, the temple, and Jewish (covenant) identity. It is placing yourself in the Temple and showing that you yourself are God. It is what Paul calls "will-worship" in addressing the Colossians.

So where does this form of idolatry show up in the text of the Scriptures? Though these are not really distinct, I will, for the purposes of this article, break it down into six categories. 1. Reliance on sacrifices and offerings (and other rituals); 2. trust in the Temple; 3. trust in circumcision; 4. hope-in-Moses; 5. angel-worship; 6. trust in one's own righteousness (usually an *outward* show of righteousness).

1. Reliance on sacrifices and offerings (and other rituals)

This category is the most plentiful in the Scriptures. Below is an excerpt from my commentary on Daniel (on the continual sacrifice). It references many of the passages that show God's preference of true obedience over sacrifice. It is nearly comprehensive on this theme, but excludes Hosea 14:2, Hosea 2:11, Amos 5:21-23, Isaiah 1:13-14, Jer 6:19-20, Jer 7:22-23. It is a long section, so skim it if need be. I didn't want to simply reference the passages and make those interested in more in depth analysis flip around through the Scriptures.

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This perpetual offering is righteousness from a pure and thankful heart. Indeed, it is a sacrifice of “a broken spirit,” “a heart broken and bruised,” and “lowly to walk with thy God.” It is a sacrifice of “praise,” “thanksgiving,” “the lifting up of my hands,” “confession,” “the fruit of lips,” “song,” and “shouting.” Truly, it is “hearkening to the voice of Jehovah,” “to give attention,” “to do [God’s] pleasure,” “to do judgment,” “doing good,” “righteousness,” “knowledge of God,” love for God, and for your neighbor, “fellowship,” and “kindness.” Indeed, the Epistle to the Hebrews says:

“Through him, then, we may offer up a sacrifice of praise always to God, that is, the fruit of lips, giving thanks to His name; and of doing good, and of fellowship, be not forgetful, for with such sacrifices God is well-pleased.”[164]

Paul likewise says,

“I am filled, having received from Epaphroditus the things from you—an odor of a sweet smell—a sacrifice acceptable, well-pleasing to God.”[165]

Indeed, this sacrifice whereof Daniel speaks is not a burnt-offering, for Mark writes,

“Well, Teacher, in truth thou hast spoken that there is one God, and there is none other but He; and to love Him out of all the heart, and out of all the understanding, and out of all the soul, and out of all the strength, and to love one’s neighbor as one’s self, is more than all the whole burnt-offerings and the sacrifices.”[166]

The Psalms mightily proclaim this theme! Psalm 40, which the Epistle to the Hebrews quotes, says,

“Sacrifice and present Thou hast not desired, ears Thou hast prepared for me, burnt and sin-offering Thou hast not asked. Then said I, ‘Lo, I have come,’ In the roll of the book it is written of me, to do Thy pleasure, my God, I have delighted, and Thy law is within my heart. I have proclaimed tidings of righteousness in the great assembly, lo, my lips I restrain not, O Jehovah, Thou hast known. Thy righteousness I have not concealed in the midst of my heart, Thy faithfulness and Thy salvation I have told.”[167]

Psalm 50 says,

“I take not from thy house a bullock, from thy folds he-goats. For Mine is every beast of the forest, the cattle on the hills of oxen. I have known every fowl of the mountains, and the wild beast of the field is with Me. If I am hungry I tell not to thee, for Mine is the world and its fullness. Do I eat the flesh of bulls, and drink the blood of he-goats? Sacrifice to God confession, and complete to the Most High thy vows.”[168]

Here, the psalm affirms that it is impossible for the blood of bulls and he-goats to take away sins. Truly, God is not served by the hands of men as if He needed anything; for He created the heavens and the earth and everything in them! Thus, the psalm takes away the first (the burnt-offerings) to establish the second (a sacrifice of “confession”). Indeed, the psalm hereafter proclaims,

“He who is sacrificing praise honoreth Me, as to him who maketh a way, I cause him to look on the salvation of God!”[169]

Psalm 51 speaks likewise:

“For Thou desirest not sacrifice, or I give it, burnt-offering Thou acceptest not. The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit, a heart broken and bruised, O God, Thou dost not despise. Do good in Thy good pleasure with Zion, Thou dost build the walls of Jerusalem. Then Thou desirest sacrifices of righteousness, burnt-offering, and whole burnt-offerings then they offer bullocks on thine altar!”[170]

[The psalmist here spiritualizes the word “burnt-offerings” just as John speaks of the sacrifice of the Lamb.] Likewise, our Lord says,

“Happy are the poor in spirit! For the kingdom of heaven is theirs.”[171]

Furthermore, Psalm 69 says,

“I praise the name of God with a song, and I magnify Him with thanksgiving, and it is better to Jehovah than an ox, a bullock—horned—hoofed. The humble have seen—they rejoice, ye who seek God—and your heart liveth.”[172]

Likewise, Psalm 27 says,

“My dwelling in the house of Jehovah, all the days of my life, to look on the pleasantness of Jehovah, and to inquire in His temple. For He hideth me in a tabernacle in the day of evil, He hideth me in a secret place of His tent, on a rock he raiseth me up. And now, lifted up is my head above my enemies—my surrounders, and I sacrifice in His tent sacrifices of shouting.”[173]

Similarly, Peter says,

“Ye yourselves, as living stones, are built up, a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.”[174]

Again, Psalm 116 says,

“To Thee I sacrifice a sacrifice of thanks, and in the name of Jehovah I call. My vows to Jehovah let me complete, I pray you, before all His people, in the courts of the house of Jehovah, in thy midst, O Jerusalem, praise ye Jah!”[175]

Psalm 107 says,

“And they sacrifice sacrifices of thanksgiving, and recount His works with singing.”[176]

Psalm 141 proclaims,

“My prayer is prepared—incense before Thee, the lifting up of my hands—the evening present [offering].”[177]

The prophets also speak similarly. Isaiah says,

“Why to Me the abundance of your sacrifices? saith Jehovah, I have been satiated with burnt-offerings of rams, and fat of fatlings; and blood of bullocks, and lambs, and he-goats I have not desired. When ye come in to appear before Me, who hath required this of your hand, to trample My courts?”[178]

The prophet, like Daniel in the above selection, states that Israel, through transgression, takes away the continual sacrifice and “trample[s]” the courts of the house of the LORD. Likewise, Hosea says,

“For kindness I desired, and not sacrifice, and a knowledge of God above burnt-offerings.”[179]

Micah speaks boldly, saying,

“With what do I come before Jehovah? Do I bow to God Most High? Do I come before Him with burnt-offerings? With calves—sons of a year? Is Jehovah pleased with thousands of rams? With myriads of streams of oil? Do I give my first-born for my transgression? The fruit of my body for the sin of my soul? He hath declared to thee, O man, what is good; Yea, what is Jehovah requiring of thee, except—to do judgment, and love kindness, and lowly to walk with thy God?”[180]

The New Covenant is David, who flees from the wicked and murderous intent of Saul, for David was a man after God’s own heart. The Old Covenant is Saul, whose kingdom God takes away and gives to another and about whom it is written:

“Hath Jehovah had delight in burnt-offerings and sacrifices as in hearkening to the voice of Jehovah? lo, hearkening than sacrifice is better; to give attention than fat of rams; for a sin of divination is rebellion, and iniquity and teraphim is stubbornness; because thou hast rejected the word of Jehovah, He also doth reject thee from being king.”[181]

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The Scriptures characterize the new covenant with obedience. The first covenant, on the other hand, is likened to Saul's sacrifice offered in disobedience.

In similar fashion, Isaiah 1 contrasts "hearing" to sacrifices; he contrasts pretended reverence to giving justice to the widow and orphan. It says, "Hear the word of the LORD, you rulers of Sodom; Give ear to the instruction of our God, you people of Gomorrah. What are your multiplied sacrifices to Me? says the LORD. I have had enough of burnt offerings of rams and the fat of fed cattle; and I take no pleasure in the blood of bulls, lambs, or goats. When you come to appear before Me, who requires of you this trampling of my courts? Bring your worthless offerings no longer, incense is an abomination to Me. New moon and sabbath, the calling of assemblies--I cannot endure iniquity and the solemn assembly. I hate your new moon festivals and your appointed feasts. They have become a burden to Me; I am weary of bearing them." Hosea 2:11 speaks similarly. Also, Paul treats these same things as a shadow that Christ fulfills. He says in Colossians 2, "Therefore no one is to act as your judge in regard to food or drink or in respect to a festival or a new moon or sabbath day, things which are a mere shadow of what is to come, but the substance belongs to Christ."

2. Trust in the Temple

The second category relates to the first and is more explicit in identifying trust in the temple with idolatry. One instance occurs in Jeremiah 7 where the people of Judah (before their exile) make the house of God a "den of robbers" (v. 11). The text says that because the people have done this, "therefore, I will do to the house which is called by My name, in which you trust, and to the place which I gave you and your fathers, as I did to Shiloh. I will cast you out of My sight, as I have cast out all your brothers, all the offspring of Ephraim." Notice some key elements that are similar to the situation in Christ's time. a. the people make the Temple into a den of robbers; b. the people make the Temple into an idol ("in which [they] trust"); and c. God says that He will destroy their Temple and their place. God, in this instance, destroys the Temple in jealous indignation; He puts away idols.

Yet is there any other indication that God viewed the first-century Temple as an idol? I say yes. The "made with hands" language seems to designate something as idolatrous, and the Scriptures apply this very language to the temple.

Indeed, the Scriptures say, "for in that day despise doth each his idols of silver, and idols of gold, that your hands made to you--a sin." Also, it is written, "for the statutes of the peoples are vanity, for a tree from a forest hath one cut, work of the hands of an artificer."

This theme is also quite extensive. I've written more in depth upon it in commenting on Daniel's stone "cut out without hands." Suffice it to say, however, that "made with hands" means accomplished by the power of man and of the flesh. It is synonymous with idolatry.

Also, Christ seems to indicate that the "wicked and adulterous generation" was, in fact, idolatrous. The sin of adultery, as applied to the people of God, is a standard way of implicating them with idolatry. Adultery is a woman's covenant unfaithfulness to her husband. National adultery, then, communicates the harlotry of the people toward their God. Revelation also dubbs Jerusalem the harlot.

Also, Psalm 115 speaks thus of idols:

“A mouth they have, and they speak not, eyes they have, and they see not, ears they have, and they hear not, a nose they have, and they smell not, their hands, but they handle not, their feet, and they walk not; nor do they mutter through their throat. Like them are their makers, every one who is trusting in them.”[345]

Thus, Christ accuses the people of thinking idolatrously. According to Mark, He asks them,

“‘Why do ye reason, because ye have no loaves? do ye not yet perceive, nor understand, yet have ye your heart hardened? Having eyes, do ye not see? and having ears, do ye not hear? and do ye not remember? When the five loaves I did brake to the five thousand, how many hand-baskets full of broken pieces took ye up?’ they say to him, ‘Twelve.’ ‘And when the seven to the four thousand, how many hand-baskets full of broken pieces took ye up?’ and they said, ‘Seven.’ And he said to them, ‘How do ye not understand?’”[346]

In addition, many of the other prophets [Moses, Isaiah, Jeremiah] speak of idolators (especially the perverse wilderness generation) in these very terms, of those having ears and not hearing or those having eyes but not seeing. On the other hand, John contrasts this idea and exhorts the saints to have understanding. He says, “the [one] having eyes, let him see.”

3. Trust in circumcision

This form of idolatry is seen in Colossians, where Paul contrasts the circumcision done by the Christ with the one that is "hand-wrought." He also rails against the circumcision faction as Moses railed against the idolators in his day.

4. Hope in Moses

This form of idolatry is seen in John's Gospel especially. Places that contrast Moses and Christ particularly make this point. Christ says, in John 5, "Do not think that I will accuse you before the Father; the one who accuses you is Moses, in whom you have set your hope. For if you believed Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote about me. But if you do not believe his writings, how will you believe my words?" Hebrews also addresses this issue in showing Christ's superiority over Moses.

5. Angel-worship

Angel worship seems especially related to #4. Indeed, as Paul says, "the law came through angels by the hand of a mediator [Moses]." The angels and Moses both represent the law. The beginning of Hebrews shows this identification. Also, in Revelation, John bows to the angel. He seems to slip into law-idolatry. Yet when John listens to the angel, he says to worship God instead. Colossians 2 also mentions the "worship of angels" with reference to law-idolatry.

6. Trust in own righteousness

Finally, this sin seems to characterize the Pharisees (as in the parable of the Pharisee and tax collector). The Pharisees trusted in their righteousness, like the hypothetical man in Ezekiel 33:13. When such a thing happens, his righteous deeds will be remembered no longer. The Pharisees cleaned the outside of the cup, but left the inside full of filth. They were white-washed tombs. They clung to a form of righteousness but denied the power of it.

So...God destroyed the law in fire (as he does all idols). The present heavens and earth were reserved for fire and the elements melted in the intense heat. This destruction is none other than God's burning jealousy putting an end to idols. Thus Christ's coming was a victory over the law of sin and death.

[164] Hebrews 13:15-16

[165] Philippians 4:18

[166] Mark 12:32-33

[167] Psalm 40:6-10

[168] Psalm 50:9-14

[169] Psalm 50:23

[170] Psalm 51:16-19

[171] Matthew 5:3

[172] Psalm 69:30-32

[173] Psalm 27:4-6

[174] 1 Peter 2:5

[175] Psalm 116:17-19

[176] Psalm 107:22

[177] Psalm 141:2

[178] Isaiah 1:11-12

[179] Hosea 6:6

[180] Micah 6:6-8

[181] 1 Samuel 15:22-23

[182] Isaiah 8:13-15

Seeker's picture

Lee,

I think you got it exactly right. The physical law was changed into the spiritual law. Of course the cheiregraphon (sp?) was nailed to the cross; that was the ordinances that were against them. In other words it was the hoops they had to jump through when they did sin in order to somehow make them righteouss (which didn't work). Now when we sin (for we can still sin because there is still God's law - where there is no law there is no sin) we have an advocate with the Father; his name is Jesus Christ.

That's one reason we were given the Holy Spirit - to enable us to do that which we could not do on our own.

Seeker

Seeker

Vern's picture

To Marcus and Seeker: Thanks for your replies. I have read enough of your responses to see that you both have a substantial knowledge about the Bible. I don't claim to be perfect in my understanding of everything even though I give opinions. However I do regard your knowledge, and also I sense a grace in your demenor, eventhough I have not seen your faces. As you have probably seen in a response of mine, I have indeed practically spent my entire adult life studying the scripture. In the last 12,13,14 years I have not used any resorces just the Bible. I am glad for this reason, the writers sort of became friends, kind of like us now, and their writings individualized themselves; therefore I think that where you have a superior knowledge than me in many things, I sort of got a feeling for their feelings about the things they were writing. Let me give you a little example. In John 8:6 speaking of Jesus it says,"...with his finger wrote on the ground...." One day it just seemed to me that he was writing Hosea 4:14. "I will not punish your daughters when they commit whordom, nor your spouses when they commit adultery: for themselves are seperated with whores, and they sacrifice with harlots; therefore the people that doth not understand shall fall." From my reading I understood that these who brought this woman to Jesus were the descendents of those whose hearts, minds, and consciences had reflected a similar harlarty and it was recorded in Hosea. Israels relationship to God is expressed in Hosea as a marriage. And when they kept the law they reflected a chase relationship, but when they went after the pagan idols they reflected an adulterous relationship. Thank you for being kind in your responses. I mean no discredit to your work or knowledge. Love all Lee Collins

large-hammer's picture

Lee,

You're right. The weightier matters of the law and the true substance of the everlasting covenant abide forever [Note: this true substance is, in fact, the new covenant in Christ's blood]. Christ and the apostles never intimated otherwise. They never said that the substance would diminish, nor would I. Yet the apostles speak of the law passing away in terms of the abolishment of condemnation and death; a *broken* covenant is done away and superceded by a new and better covenant (where the relationship with God is restored more abundantly than ever). It is for this reason that Hagar and her son, representing the [first] covenant and its children, are *cast out*. Notice, it doesn't say the children merely but the woman, the covenant itself, is removed. Likewise, Paul says, "we are not under the law, but under the grace." He means the "law of sin and death" over and against the "law of the spirit." He means "the ministration of condemnation" versus the "ministration of righteousness." Indeed, it is the "law of Moses" contrasted with the "law of Christ."

As Hebrews says, one more time I shake the earth and heaven too. This expression, one more time, indicates that whatever is shaken is removed. And this entity that is shaken is what is called "the first covenant" or "the law." Yet whatever was unshakeable, the kingdom of God, remains to the age. The heavenly originals after which the law was patterned abide forever, like Zion, a mount which never can be moved.

So, in this way we have a superior law, written not on tablets of stone (so that we disobey, as had Israel since coming up out of Egypt's land). Ours is written upon the tablet of the heart.

Indeed, upon the tablet of stone it is written, "You shall not murder." Yet on the tablets of our hearts the command reads, "If you hate your brother you have already murdered him in your heart." It is evident that the second law is superior to the first. Christ taught according to the spirit of the law and prophets, not according to the letter, which is a perversion.

Marcus Booker

Vern's picture

I have no expertise in this. I respond to most greetings with: "There's nothing to me". But I have an earnest desire to share a thought. I do not believe that the Law was destroyed. I think that the old covenant was replaced by the new covenant because Jesus fulfilled the righteousness of the Law and then all things in heaven and earth were made subject unto him, except God who put all things under him. The keeper of the new covenant then puts his faith in Christ Jesus instead of the written Law of Moses. It became futile for man to continue in that which he could not keep. The mind of the flesh is not subject unto the Law, Paul says. But if Christ be in us and we in him then we keep the Law which was good because Christ in us kept the Law. So we now keep the Law through the inward man through faith in Jesus Christ, but the ordinances of the Law we do not keep. We are dead unto those ordinances, but we are not dead unto that which is righteous, and the Law is righteous. The Law did not work because of the weakness of the flesh. Yet the flesh is still weak but we are dead unto the wrath of the Law if we are in Christ and he in us. Lee Collins

Seeker's picture

Anything can become an idol, but God can't destroy everything. Jesus clearly said he did not come to destroy the law but to fulfill it. Now whatever you believe fulfill means it CANNOT mean destroy, because Jesus said I came NOT TO DESTROY the law but to FULFILL. Those two words are contrasted in that scripture. Also twice in Revelation Jesus says blessed are those who follow Jesus and keep the Commandments of GOD.

First I would say that to the Non-Israelite people this didn't apply because the law was never given to them in the first place, but to the Israelite believer the law did apply. You can see this in Acts where Paul had to shave his head and take an oathe that he was not trying to get the jews to stop following the law.

If the 10 commandments are obsolete then so is sin, because sin in lawlessness; that's its definition.

Seeker

large-hammer's picture

Seeker,

I'm glad that you chimed in. I think that you misunderstand my meaning, so I will clarify somewhat. My position is not antinomianism. Indeed, the Scriptures say that Christ is the end of the law. Yet he is not [merely] the end of the law, but the fulfillment of it. He is the beginning of a new and better covenant.

For the apostles (and prophets) the Law of Moses was identified not with keeping of the law but with lawlessness (because those who were under the law were rebellious). The Law of Christ, on the other hand, is identified with the keeping of the law. The Law, of itself, is good. Yet showing how the Scriptures themselves treat the Law of Moses as an idol helps to explain why God destroyed the temple (and other things that were "good" and from God). [Indeed, Christ *did* DESTROY the temple, with not one stone left upon another. About this fact we can make no mistake. Yet he did not come to destroy it (merely), but to fulfill it. In a similar fashion, he did not destroy circumcision, but fulfilled it. The same is true of the whole law.]

And yes...the Gentiles were not under the law. None of them would view the law of Moses as an idol. It would make no sense. Why would the law, which relegates Gentiles to a position of inferiority, be idolized by Gentiles?

As for the ten commandments, I believe that they hold true. Yet they have greater, truer, and more substantial (as opposed to shadowy) meaning in Christ, for these commands are not written upon stone (so that we do not heed them) but upon the heart. And the commandments are based upon God's prior actions for His people. They begin, "I am the LORD your God you brought you up out of the land of Egypt...." Upon this foundation hinges all of the commandments. Because God delivered His people, *therefore* they are to obey Him. You cannot separate the commands from the covenant relationship and from God's doings. Yet even this part of the commandment (i.e. the part that mentions the exodus from Egypt) applies, for Christ led His people (our fathers) out of the "present Jerusalem," the city that is spiritually called Egypt.

Marcus Booker

Seeker's picture

As far as what you have written here, I have no disagreement. I agree the law is now spiritualized (i.e. written upon our hearts and not upon stones). Which if anything intensifies the ten commandments. Before you were not to commit adultery, but now you should keep not just the letter but the spirit of the law by not even lusting after a woman in your heart.

Seeker

Seeker

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